One of the very most terrific reasons for having maintaining your personal garden at home is that it is entirely self-renewing. After you have purchased seeds once, there’s no need for you really to ever purchase seeds again. Whatever you should do is remove seeds from some of your harvested flowers, fruits, and vegetables, and plant these very seeds the following year. Here’s your guide to harvesting and storing seeds from your own garden to plant the following year:
(1) Begin with quality seeds- Yes, it’s true that after you have planted a garden, you will do not have to purchase seeds again. However, you should start somewhere, right? It is integral that whenever you acquire seeds for the first time, you get quality heirloom open pollinated seeds. The reason that is so crucial is because most seeds that you get from the seed catalog or in your neighborhood garden store have been hybridized. Hybrid seeds are typical because they’ve been bred to be able to possess certain qualities, such as frost resistance in tomatoes. However, if you harvest seeds from the hybrid tomatoes, then plant these seeds, you probably don’t know what you will get. Seeds harvested from hybrid tomatoes may grow tomatoes that possess qualities from either parent plant. It is very unlikely that your second year tomatoes could be the just like the very first ones. You might end up with a seed that’s undesirable, or doesn’t even bear fruit. how long does bean germinate This is why it’s imperative that you begin with heirloom seeds if you wish to harvest seeds from your own garden. Seeds from heirloom fruits and vegetables are the sole ones worth saving and planting because it’s the only path you will end up with plants that are just like the parent plant.
(2) Harvest seeds from the healthiest plants- When selecting fruits and vegetables from that you simply will harvest your seeds, always choose ones from the healthiest plants. Choose plants that are strong, vibrant, and filled with vigor.
(3) Keep an in depth eye on your own plants- Timeliness is key when harvesting seeds from your own garden, so you’ll want to keep an in depth eye on your own plants. With flowers, annuals are the easiest variety from which to gather seeds simply because they flower and head to seed in only one year. Seeds are willing to be picked after the seed pods have turned brown and dried on the plant. Many seed pods naturally open and disperse seed when they’re ready. To catch them, you are able to tie a small paper or cloth bag over the seed pods once they look like they’re about to burst. For vegetables, it is best to harvest seeds when the veggie is almost overripe but before it starts to rot, as this enables the seeds to totally mature. For example, a tomato must be left on the vine until it’s large, overripe, and very soft. An eggplant must be left to totally mature and fall to the ground. Snatch your veggies up when they reach this point, lest the insects reach them.
(4) Separate the seeds from the flesh- With pod vegetables and flowers, this can be achieved very easily. Simply start the dry, mature pod and eliminate the seeds. With firm veggies such as eggplants, cucumbers, and zucchini, slice the vegetable in half lengthwise and pull the seeds out with your fingers. With pulpy fruits such as tomatoes, gently mash up the flesh to separate your lives the pulp from the seeds.
(5) Soak the seeds- After you have extracted your seeds, you will need to soak them in plain water for a complete 48 hours. After 48 hours, remove all the seeds which have floated to the the surface of the water and discard them. If seeds float, this indicates that they are dry and infertile. Retain only the seeds which have sunk to the bottom. Then, drain the water and spread the seeds out on a layer of paper towels to allow them to dry.
(6) Avoid moisture during storage- When there is one key to storing your seeds for the following year, that is it. Your seeds must be kept free from moisture. If they’re exposed to moisture, they’ll become moldy and rot. So before placing your seeds in storage, make sure that they’re completely dry. Then, place each type of seed in a labeled paper envelope. You’ll observe that seeds are generally stored in paper rather than plastic because this enables air flow and therefore keeps the seeds healthy and fertile. Once your seeds are in paper envelopes, put them in a air tight container, such as a Tupperware or jar. Don’t forget to clearly label your containers with the kind of seeds they contain and the date you stored them.
(7) Plant your seeds the following year- The fertility of seeds is highly contingent upon the way they’re stored. For your own personel home-harvested seeds, it is best to store them for just 12 months; couple of years maximum. Should you desire to keep seeds in long-term storage, it is best to look for seeds which were packaged particularly for this purpose. The Survival Seed Bank, as an example, may be stored for 20 years without any harm to the seeds.