Formaldehyde (aka methanal, methylene oxide, oxymethylene, methylaldehyde, oxomethane) is just a colorless, flammable gas at room temperature. It includes a sharp, distinct odor that might cause a burning sensation to the eyes, nose, and lungs. Formaldehyde can react with numerous other chemicals, and at very high temperatures, it will breakdown into a mix of wood alcohol and carbon monoxide. Whilst it is harmless if it is naturally stated in very small amounts in our anatomies, it may also be found in the air that individuals breathe at home and at the office (ie smog, car exhaust, tobacco, gas cookers, open fireplaces, fertilizers, latex, leather, paper, plywood, and in manufactured wood products), in the meals we eat (ie preservatives), and in some products that individuals wear the skin we have (ie antiseptics, medicines, cosmetics, dish-washing liquids, fabric softeners, shoe-care agents, carpet cleaners, glues and adhesives, lacquers, paper, plastics, and some forms of wood products). When formaldehyde is coupled with methanol and buffers, it creates embalming fluid and it may also be used to preserve tissue specimens.
Most of the formaldehyde that you’re confronted with in the environmental surroundings is in the air. This usually stops working throughout the day to create formic acid and carbon monoxide. This doesn’t seem to develop in plants, animals or water. However, you’re confronted with small amounts of formaldehyde in the air. That is particularly so if your home is in heavily populated suburban areas. Surprisingly though, there’s usually more formaldehyde present indoors than outdoors. The reason being formaldehyde is released in to the air from many home products that you breathe in. The products include latex paint, fingernail hardener, and fingernail polish, antiseptics, medicines, dish-washing liquids, fabric softeners, shoe-care agents, carpet cleaners, glues, adhesives, and lacquers. Formaldehyde can also be found in plywood and particle board, in addition to furniture and cabinets created from them, fiberglass products, new carpets, decorative laminates, and some permanent press fabrics, and some paper products (ie grocery bags and paper towels). Since these items contain formaldehyde, you may even be exposed through your skin by touching or arriving direct contact with them. You may even be exposed to small amounts of formaldehyde in the meals you eat. Other home products that contain and emit formaldehyde include: household cleaners, carpet cleaners, disinfectants, cosmetics, medicines, fabric softeners, glues, lacquers, and antiseptics. You may even breathe formaldehyde if you are using unvented gas or kerosene heaters indoors or in the event that you or another person smokes tobacco indoors. It can also be interesting to note that the quantity of formaldehyde in mobile homes and apartments is generally higher than it’s in conventional homes because of their lower air turnover.
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) estimates that 1,329,332 individuals in the United States experienced the potential for occupational exposure to formaldehyde. That is particularly so if you’re a doctor, nurse, dentist, veterinarian, pathologist, embalmer, a worker in the clothing industry or in a furniture factory, a worker in a chemical plant, or if you’re a teacher or a student who handles preserved specimens in a laboratory.
There are many ways in which formaldehyde can enter your body, These include breathing it in, drinking or eating it, or having it enter into contact with your skin. 辦公室消毒 Formaldehyde is quickly absorbed from the nose and the upper part of one’s lungs. It can also be rapidly absorbed whenever it’s eaten or drank. Once absorbed, almost every tissue in your body can rapidly breakdown formaldehyde in to a non-toxic chemical called formate, which can be excreted in the urine. Formaldehyde may also be converted to carbon dioxide and breathed from the body. Sometimes formaldehyde is even broken down so your body can utilize it to produce larger molecules which can be needed in your tissues. However, formaldehyde is never stored in fat.
Children are frequently confronted with formaldehyde through breathing it or by wearing some forms of new clothes or cosmetics. Studies have shown that breathing formaldehyde in will result in nose and eye irritation (ie burning feeling, itchy, tearing, and sore throat) in children. It’s possible that the irritation occurs at lower concentrations in children than in adults. However, what’s promising (if there’s any to be found), is that formaldehyde will NOT cause birth defects in humans nor is it found in breast milk.
Once you enter into contact with formaldehyde you will often have skin irritation. Needless to say, some people tend to be more sensitive to the results of formaldehyde than other people are (ie people with asthma tend to be more sensitive). The most typical symptoms include irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, along side increased tearing. Other symptoms that occur with large amounts of formaldehyde intake include severe pain, vomiting, coma, and possible death. Studies have shown that exposure to large amounts of formaldehyde also causes nose and throat cancer.
All of this provides a hardcore case for desiring to reduce our exposure to formaldehyde. Some ways in which to achieve this is by opening windows or utilizing a fan to bring fresh air into your home. You should also try to remove as numerous formaldehyde sources as you are able to from your home. This includes not smoking indoors (or not smoking at all) and not using unvented portable kerosene heaters. Needless to say, formaldehyde can also be found in small amounts in many consumer products. To cut back your exposure to formaldehyde when utilizing these items you should attempt to use them near a source of fresh air. If this isn’t possible, then you definitely should at the very least be sure that you’ve a lot of ventilation when you’re using them. If you choose to buy an item that’s made out of plywood or particle board, expose it to a lot of fresh air or be sure that it’s covered with plastic laminate or coated on all sides. When purchasing permanent press fabrics you should wash these new clothes when you wear them.
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